Classification, characterization, and properties of edible and non-edible biomass feedstocks

Gundekari, Sreedhar and Mitra, Joyee and Varkolu, Mohan (2020) Classification, characterization, and properties of edible and non-edible biomass feedstocks. In: Advanced Functional Solid Catalysts for Biomass Valorization. Elsevier, pp. 89-120. ISBN 978-012820236-4

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The consumption of energy is increasing with an escalation in world population and urbanization, as approximately 90% of fuels are derived from the fossil resources only. Fossil fuels (crude oil, coal, and natural gas) constitute the main source of energy, whose cost is largely governed by availability as their reserves are depleting. Fossil sources are considered as non-renewable, and potentially create serious environmental problems by increasing the greenhouse gas (GHG) emission. Nearly 27 billion tons of CO2 are emitted by burning of fossil fuels and this is estimated to increase by about 60% by 2030, escalating the need for alternative and renewable sources for energy. The renewable energy sources are either naturally available in excess or can be replenished. The seventh principle of the Green Chemistry also states “A raw material or feedstock should be renewable rather than depleting whenever technically and economically practicable.” Though, the utilization of renewable sources is well known for various purposes, current scenario demands developing new technologies with significant focus on renewable energy. Some of the commonly used renewable sources are air (wind energy), water (hydro-electric energy), sun (solar energy), biomass, and geothermal energy. The only alternative source for organic carbon(liquid fuels, polymers, and chemicals) is biomass. © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomass; Carbon; Classification; Energy; Fossil sources; Properties
Subjects: Chemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2022 09:39
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2022 09:39
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