A Constant-Energy-Packet-Extraction-Based MPPT Technique With 98% Average Extraction Efficiency for Wide Range Generic Ambient Energy Scavenging Supporting 1000 × Source Resistance Range

Venugopal, Priya and Rajendran, Murali K. and Chowdary, Gajendranath (2022) A Constant-Energy-Packet-Extraction-Based MPPT Technique With 98% Average Extraction Efficiency for Wide Range Generic Ambient Energy Scavenging Supporting 1000 × Source Resistance Range. IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, 57 (10). pp. 3150-3163. ISSN 0018-9200

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Abstract

An energy harvesting system, featuring a novel generic maximum power point (MPP) tracking technique, compatible with a wide range of transducers is presented in this work. In conventional harvesting systems, the MPP tracking requires frequent open circuiting or prior knowledge about the transducer parameters. The proposed constant-energy-packet-extraction (CEPE) technique uses the technique of increasing the rate of energy extraction by frequency modulation to reach MPP and hence eliminates the need to open circuit, as well as the need for prior knowledge about the transducer parameters. The prototype system achieves an average extraction efficiency of 98% for a wide input voltage range from 50 to 500 mV and transducers with internal impedance ranging from 3 to 3.5 k. The converter has a peak end-to-end efficiency of 81.8%. A shared inductor-based startup technique is also integrated with the system, which can start operation from a minimum input voltage of 150 mV with minimal external components. It reuses the boost converter inductor, and hence, the system requires only one inductor and three capacitors as external components. The prototype chip is fabricated in 180-nm CMOS technology and occupies an on-chip area of 1.65 mm , including startup. IEEE

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Chowdary, Gajendranathhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5880-4023
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: BOOST converter; Controller topology; Dc/dc converters; Frequency conversions; Impedance; Inductor; Input voltages; Internal impedance; Low input voltage; Maximum Power Point Tracking; Regulator; Switched-mode converters; Thermal energy harvesting; Thermoelectric generators; Wide range
Subjects: Electrical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2022 11:14
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2022 11:14
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/10849
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1109/JSSC.2022.3182138
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/3575
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