Understanding the extreme luminosity of DES14X2fna

Grayling, M and Sullivan, M and Desai, Shantanu and et al, . (2021) Understanding the extreme luminosity of DES14X2fna. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 505 (3). pp. 1-18. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

We present DES14X2fna, a high-luminosity, fast-declining Type IIb supernova (SN IIb) at redshift z = 0.0453, detected by the Dark Energy Survey (DES). DES14X2fna is an unusual member of its class, with a light curve showing a broad, luminous peak reaching Mr ≃ -19.3 mag 20 d after explosion. This object does not show a linear decline tail in the light curve until ≃60 d after explosion, after which it declines very rapidly (4.30 ± 0.10 mag 100 d-1 in the r band). By fitting semi-analytic models to the photometry of DES14X2fna, we find that its light curve cannot be explained by a standard 56Ni decay model as this is unable to fit the peak and fast tail decline observed. Inclusion of either interaction with surrounding circumstellar material or a rapidly-rotating neutron star (magnetar) significantly increases the quality of the model fit. We also investigate the possibility for an object similar to DES14X2fna to act as a contaminant in photometric samples of SNe Ia for cosmology, finding that a similar simulated object is misclassified by a recurrent neural network (RNN)-based photometric classifier as an SN Ia in ∼1.1-2.4 per cent of cases in DES, depending on the probability threshold used for a positive classification. © 2021 The Author(s).

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Desai, Shantanuhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-0466-3288
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: supernovae: general; supernovae: individual: DES14X2fna
Subjects: Physics
Divisions: Department of Physics
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2022 15:23
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2022 15:23
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/10833
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stab1478
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/24618
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