Understanding and Evaluating the Needs of a Respiratory Assessment Device for Community Health

Dey, Nibedit and Rautray, Priyabrata (2021) Understanding and Evaluating the Needs of a Respiratory Assessment Device for Community Health. In: 8th International Conference on Research into Design, ICoRD 2021, 7 January 2021 through 10 January 2021, Virtual, Online.

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In public health settings, most of the patients with respiratory-related complaints come with chronic conditions, where the disease has already developed to a chronic stage that requires immediate care. As per the Global Asthma Report (2018), more than one billion patients suffer from chronic respiratory diseases (CRD). Pneumonia is considered the single most significant cause of mortality in children worldwide with over 2 million deaths. Factors such as malnourishment, low zinc intake, overcrowding, exposure to parental smoking, indoor air pollution play an essential role in increasing children’s susceptibility to respiratory infections. Due to the lack of pulmonologists in primary care centres and lack of time, patients remain undiagnosed, which leads to a rise in the number of chronic cases. The problem is worse for babies suffering from pneumonia, where any delayed diagnosis can be fatal. In a crowded and noisy atmosphere, it is challenging to hear the sound of congested lungs through a regular stethoscope. To improve our understanding of the screening process and gather clinicians’ perspectives, several face-to-face interviews and online surveys were conducted. We also documented the existing diagnosis methods and tests prescribed by clinicians to detect pneumonia. This research paper documents and highlights the need for a respiratory assessment device. The research paper is divided into three segments; firstly, it highlights the existing diagnosis methods for respiratory disease and issues related to it, and secondly, recording and analysis of clinicians’ perspectives and challenges. Finally, conceptualizing a novel solution to assist clinicians in the diagnosis of respiratory diseases. © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodesign; Community health; CRDs; Innovation; Medical device; Respiratory health
Subjects: Arts > Design
Divisions: Department of Design
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2022 13:57
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2022 13:57
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/10829
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-0119-4_51
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