Selective dehydration of 1-butanol to butenes over silica supported heteropolyacid catalysts: Mechanistic aspect

Kella, T. and Vennathan, A.A. and Dutta, S. and Mal, S.S. and Shee, Debaprasad (2021) Selective dehydration of 1-butanol to butenes over silica supported heteropolyacid catalysts: Mechanistic aspect. Molecular Catalysis, 516. pp. 1-15. ISSN 2468-8231

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Butenes are considered as important olefinic building block to produce fuels/fuel additives and commodity chemicals. In the present investigation, selective dehydration of 1-butanol to butenes was studied in a continuous-flow fixed-bed reactor using various silica-supported heteropolyacid (HPA) catalysts such as phosphotungstic acid (PTA), silicotungstic acid (STA), phosphomolybdic acid (PMA), and silicomolybdic acid (SMA) as the solid acid catalysts. The physicochemical properties of these HPA were determined by BET, powder XRD, FTIR, NH3-TPD, and Py-FTIR. The acid strength and Brønsted/Lewis (B/L) acid ratio were increased with higher loading of HPA on silica. The nature of HPA (addenda and hetero atom) and loading of HPA are important factors for the dehydration of 1-butanol and selectivity towards butenes. PTA and STA showed superior catalytic activity than PMA and SMA. The reaction temperature and WHSV also strongly affected the butanol conversion and selectivity of butenes. The selectivity of di-n‑butyl ether decreases with the rising temperature from 523 K to 623 K. The isomerization of 1-butene leading to the formation of other butene isomers depends on the HPA loading, temperature, and WHSV. The presence of molybdenum addendum atom in PMA and SMA promotes dehydrogenation and hydrogenation, leading to the formation of various light hydrocarbons. The 20PTA/SiO2 catalyst afforded 99.8% selectivity towards butenes at quantitative conversion of 1-butanol, whereas the 20STA/SiO2 catalyst gave nearly 97.0% conversion of 1-butanol and 99.9% butenes selectivity at 673 K, 37.4 h−1 of WHSV. © 2021

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Shee, DebaprasadUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1-butanol, Butenes, Dehydration, Heteropolyacid, Reaction pathway
Subjects: Chemistry
Chemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2022 10:04
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2022 10:04
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