Response of inelastic SDOF systems subjected to dynamic rupture simulations involving directivity and fling step

Karthik Reddy, K.S.K. and Somala, Surendra Nadh and Tsang, Hing-Ho (2021) Response of inelastic SDOF systems subjected to dynamic rupture simulations involving directivity and fling step. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 151. pp. 1-17. ISSN 0267-7261

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Directivity is a phenomenon perceived during fault ruptures wherein the ground motion and spectral response in the direction of the rupture is more significant than in any other direction. The objective of this study is to evaluate the variability in characteristics of near-fault ground motions as well as the ductility demand on structures due to directivity based on simulations of strike-slip earthquake events by employing SPECFEM3D, a physics-based ground motion simulation code. To understand the finite fault propagation effect, a source effect, the vertical strike-slip fault is considered to be embedded in an elastic half-space, to prevent the influence of path and site effects. Two scenarios are designed based on the positioning of nucleation asperity (NA): (1) in the middle of the fault face to simulate bilateral (BL) rupture and (2) shifted to one end for the case of unilateral (UL) rupture. The ground motions at near-fault stations, located in a racetrack configuration around the surface trace of the fault, are analyzed. In addition to a high spectral content in the forward directivity stations as a result of UL rupture, directivity velocity pulses identified in the fault-normal components are higher than the fling step velocity pulses in the fault-parallel component for the racetrack stations considered. Furthermore, the study examines the correlation between ductility demands computed based on elastoplastic rheology with direct point parameter and ground motion intensity measures for directivity and fling step stations. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Somala, Surendra Nadh
Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The authors thank the two anonymous reviewers, whose comments and suggestions have significantly improved the manuscript. This study is partly funded by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), India under the grant number MoES/P.O.(Seismo)/1(304)/2016 .
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bilateral; Direct point parameter; Ductility demand; Intensity measures; Nucleation asperity; Unilateral
Subjects: Civil Engineering
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2022 04:37
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2022 04:37
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