Measuring the Dynamics of the Achievement Gap Between Public and Private School Students During Early Life in India

McDonough, Ian K. and Roychowdhury, Punarjit and Dhamija, Gaurav (2021) Measuring the Dynamics of the Achievement Gap Between Public and Private School Students During Early Life in India. Journal of Labor Research, 42 (1). pp. 78-122. ISSN 0195-3613

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It is well documented that private school students outperform their public school counterparts in India. However, researchers have only focused on the achievement gap in levels without considering the underlying dynamics of how students move through the distribution of achievement over time. We bridge this gap here by exploring the dynamics of the public-private school achievement gap in India by applying nonparametric measures of distributional mobility to panel data on math and Peabody Picture Vocabulary test scores from the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. We find that public school students are at least as mobile as private school students during early childhood. During preadolescence, however, public school students, relative to private school students, are significantly less upwardly mobile while at the same time more downwardly mobile through the distribution of test scores. These mobility patterns, taken together with the level gap in test scores, suggests one would expect to see very little convergence in achievement between private and public school students during the middle and high school years of schooling. © 2021, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Dhamija, GauravUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The authors have no potential conflicts of interest to report. However, Prof. Punarjit Roychowdhury acknowledges funding under IIM Indore Seed Grant SM/08/2018-19. Further, the authors do not have direct involvement with human participants and/or animals and thus informed consent does not apply. This will also be noted in a separate section before the references as advised in the instructions for authors.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Directional rank mobility; Private schools; Public schools; Staying probability; Test scores; Transition probability
Subjects: Arts > Liberal arts
Divisions: Department of Liberal Arts
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2022 05:13
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2022 05:13
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