Life cycle sustainability assessment of crops in India

Selvaraj, Ambika and Gautam, Jagrati and Verma, Shikhar and et al, . (2021) Life cycle sustainability assessment of crops in India. Current Research in Environmental Sustainability, 3. pp. 1-21. ISSN 2666-0490

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In India, the modernization in the agricultural sector is continuously growing to meet the food demand of rising population. However, along with addressing hunger, modern agriculture impacts the ecosystem, human health, and resources, due to huge consumption of agrochemicals, and emission-intensive farming hence urges sustainable assessment. Till now, no impact assessment is reported on world's second-largest agricultural country- India. This paper is the first of its kind in evaluating the impact of the cultivation of 21 commonly grown crops that possess high production and emissions in India. The results were discussed in the order of impact parameters in respective years with possible causes and remedial measures. The results showed that rice has topped in maximum indices followed by sugarcane, wheat, and banana. The study forecasted that coconut played a concentrated role in global warming, while potato and sugarcane have a higher impact on water and ozone depletion, respectively. The outcomes of this study suggested appropriate improvements in farming practices, which can bring the emissions down and make the system more sustainable. Besides, these 18 indices were individually assessed for their connection with the 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) in the aspects of agricultural activities to select the appropriate indices to measure the agricultural sustainability along with the identification of gaps to upgrade the existing indices or formulate a new one. Subsequently, this helps in achieving the SDGs in India with the least impact on the environment without compromising the socio-economic aspects involved in crop production and agricultural systems. © 2021 The Authors

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Selvaraj, AmbikaUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Agricultural sustainability; Agriculture sector in India; Crop cultivation; Life cycle impact analysis; Sustainability assessment
Subjects: Civil Engineering
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2022 10:03
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2022 10:03
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