LiDAR-INS/GNSS-Based Real-Time Ground Removal, Segmentation, and Georeferencing Framework for Smart Transportation

Anand, Bhaskar and Senapati, Mrinal and Barsaiyan, Vivek and Rajalakshmi, P (2021) LiDAR-INS/GNSS-Based Real-Time Ground Removal, Segmentation, and Georeferencing Framework for Smart Transportation. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, 70. pp. 1-11. ISSN 0018-9456

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Light detection and ranging (LiDAR) sensor is attracting significant attention in the field of smart transportation because of its ability to give depth information. It is already extensively used for obstacle detection. The inertial navigation system (INS) with a global navigation satellite system (GNSS) gives the global position, orientation, and velocity of a given object in real time. In autonomous driving, LiDAR point clouds are segmented to find out the positions of various objects in the surrounding of the vehicle of interest. However, the obstacle position is determined in local east-north-up (ENU) coordinates. In this article, an end-to-end framework has been presented, which takes input from LiDAR and INS/GNSS systems and gives the obstacle position in universal coordinates (latitude, longitude) in real time. The proposed framework includes ground point removal from raw LiDAR data, obstacle segmentation, and LiDAR data fusion with INS/GNSS data for georeferencing. For LiDAR data processing, a novel method for removing ground points has been presented, in which the entire point cloud is divided into square grids in the horizontal plane. Based on the statistics of the vertical distribution of the points in each grid, ground points are identified. Two ground point datasets were also created for testing the proposed algorithm. These datasets contain point clouds of ground with varying inclination from various multichannel LiDARs. The proposed ground removal method was tested on the Paris-Lille-3D dataset and the dataset created. An F1-score of greater than 0.99 and 0.98 was achieved on our dataset and the Paris Lille-3D dataset, respectively. The framework is tested on different hardware configurations and found to be suitable for real-time applications. © 1963-2012 IEEE.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Rajalakshmi, P
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Light detection and ranging (LiDAR); point cloud; point cloud library (PCL); smart transportation
Subjects: Electrical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2022 09:50
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2022 09:50
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