Layer number dependent optical and electrical properties of CVD grown two-dimensional anisotropic WS2

Thakur, Deepa and Kumar, Pawan and M, Sabarigresan and Ramadurai, Ranjith and et al, . (2021) Layer number dependent optical and electrical properties of CVD grown two-dimensional anisotropic WS2. Surfaces and Interfaces, 26. pp. 1-8. ISSN 2468-0230

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Engineering 2D transition metal dichalcogenides with precise control over layer number enable tuning of exciting optical and electrical properties at the nanoscale level. We report controlled one-step chemical vapour deposition growth of WS2 monolayer, bilayer, and trilayer for large scale manufacturing and demonstrate layer dependent changes in their work function, photoluminescence, and electrical conductivity. Raman, photoluminescence, and fluorescence imaging revealed that the base WS2 monolayer contains alternating triangular domains with different emission properties. It is observed that bilayer and trilayer grow selectively on less luminescent facet leading to fan-like morphology for second and third layers. We have systematically demonstrated that desired growth and areal coverage of bilayer and trilayer can be achieved by controlling WO3 precursor content. Kelvin probe force microscopic studies suggest a higher work function of thicker layers as compared to the monolayer. It was found that work function increases by 0.04 eV when thickness increases from monolayer to bilayer. FET device measurement on mono and bilayer shows n-type characteristics and two-fold higher photo-current in monolayer in comparison to the bilayer. The studied thickness dependence of the work function of WS2 is vital to the fabrication of metal contacts for WS2 based electronic and optoelectronic devices. © 2021

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Ramadurai, Ranjit
Item Type: Article
Additional Information: We acknowledge AMRC (Advanced Materials Research Centre), Indian Institute of Technology Mandi, India for providing sophisticated instruments facilities and Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad for AFM. We are thankful to Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) Scheme for Transformational and Advanced Research in Sciences (STARS), India (Project No: STARS/APR2019/654) for financial support and DST-INSPIRE (Innovation in Science Pursuit for Inspired Research) [IF-180717] for providing Doctoral fellowship to Deepa Thakur. We also acknowledge Moolchand Sharma for fruitful scientific discussion.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2D materials; CVD growth; KPFM; Optoelectronics; PL segmentation; Transition metal dichalcogenides
Subjects: Materials Engineering > Materials engineering
Divisions: Department of Material Science Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2022 06:51
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2022 06:51
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