Eco-safe chemicothermal conversion of industrial graphite waste to exfoliated graphene and evaluation as engineered adsorbent to remove toxic textile dyes

Ambika, S and Srilekha, Valasani (2021) Eco-safe chemicothermal conversion of industrial graphite waste to exfoliated graphene and evaluation as engineered adsorbent to remove toxic textile dyes. Environmental Advances, 4. pp. 1-13. ISSN 2666-7657

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Industrial graphite becomes waste after its use, and dumping of such graphite waste leads to environmental damage and health risks, thus needs alternative measures. This study is the first of its kind to convert industrial graphite to exfoliated graphene(EG) and use EG as an adsorbent. The used conversion method is chemicothermal which is greener and more competent. The resultant EG was micro-analyzed for its application as an engineered adsorbent. The adsorption capacity of EG is tested for the removal of five toxic dyes from aqueous solution, namely royal blue (RB), turquoise blue (TB), black supra (BS), navy blue (NB), and deep red (DR) for various environmental conditions. The order of adsorption at equilibrium was found to follow, DR > TB > BS > NB > RB at circum-neutral pH in the range of 5 - 25 mg/L of dye, having 0.2 gm of EG. The notable adsorption capacity of dye onto EG can be credited to the various interface mechanisms which were studied using kinetic and thermodynamic models. The reusability studies recommend EG as the alternate adsorbent against commercial activated carbon, which holds a huge carbon and water footprint. These results suggest that the applicability of potential EG adsorbent can be extended to the removal of organic pollutants in water and wastewater treatment. The success of converting graphite waste to an engineered dye adsorbent couples the advantages of converting industrial waste to a beneficial product and removal of toxic dyes, thus achieving a circular economy and sustainable development in industrial practices. © 2021 The Authors

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Additional Information: The corresponding author would like to acknowledge the Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), India for their funding support under Startup Research Grant (File Number: SRG/2020/000793), and Seed Grant (15.5.2020) from Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, India. Also, the corresponding author would like to acknowledge Industrial Waste Management Association, Chennai, India for their support in collecting the industrial graphite waste and providing the industrial dyes in the year 2019.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alternate to activated carbon; Chemicothermal conversion; Exfoliated graphene; Industrial graphite waste to the beneficial product; Textile dye adsorption
Subjects: Civil Engineering
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2022 12:31
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 12:31
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