Ionic Dynamics and Vibrational Spectral Diffusion of a Protic Alkylammonium Ionic Salt through Intrinsic Cationic N–H Vibrational Probe from FPMD Simulations

Biswas, Aritri and Mallik, Bhabani Shankar (2022) Ionic Dynamics and Vibrational Spectral Diffusion of a Protic Alkylammonium Ionic Salt through Intrinsic Cationic N–H Vibrational Probe from FPMD Simulations. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 126 (31). pp. 5134-5147. ISSN 1089-5639

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We employed density functional theory (DFT)-based molecular dynamics simulations to explore the structure, dynamics, and spectral properties of the protic ionic entity trimethylammonium chloride (TMACl). Structural investigations include calculating the site-site radial distribution functions (RDFs), the distribution of constituent cations and anions in three-dimensional space, and combined distribution functions of the hydrogen-bonded pair RDF versus angle, revealing the structural characteristics of the ionic solvation and the intermolecular interactions within ions. Further, we determined the instantaneous vibrational stretching frequencies of the intrinsic N-H stretch probe modes by applying the time-series wavelet method. The associated ionic dynamics within the protic ionic compound were investigated by calculating the time-evolution of the fluctuating frequencies and the frequency-time correlation functions (FFCFs). The time scale related to the local structural relaxation process and the average hydrogen bond lifetime, ion cage dynamics, and mean squared displacement were investigated. The faster decay component of the FFCFs, depicting the intermolecular motion of intact hydrogen bonds in TMACl, is 0.07 ps for the Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof (PBE)-based simulation and 0.06 ps for the PBE-D2 representation. The slower time scale of the longer picosecond decay time component of PBE and PBE-D2 representations are 3.13 and 2.87 ps, respectively. These picosecond time scales represent more significant fluctuations of the hydrogen-bonding partners in the ionic entity and hydrogen-bond jump events accompanied by large angular jumps. The longest picosecond time scales represent structural relaxation, including large angular jumps and ion-pair dynamics. Also, ion cage lifetimes correlate with the slowest time scale of the associated dynamics of vibrational spectral diffusion despite the type of DFT functional. This study benchmarks DFT treatments of the exchange-correlation functional with and without the van der Waals (vdW) dispersion correction scheme. The inclusion of vdW interactions to the PBE functional represents a less structured state of the ionic entity and faster dynamics of the molecular motions relative to the one predicted by the PBE system. All the results illustrate the necessity of accurately describing the Coulomb interactions, vdW dispersive interactive forces, and localized hydrogen bonds required to sustain the energetic balance in this ionic salt.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Mallik, Bhabani Shankar
Item Type: Article
Additional Information: A.B. thanks the Ministry of Education, India, for her Ph.D. fellowship.
Subjects: Chemistry
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2022 10:01
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2022 10:01
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