Coast of Eastern Antarctica as the source of atmospheric mercury during austral summer

Unagar, Ajaykumar and Hashmi, Azharuddin and Tiwari, Anoop K. and Jawak, Shridhar D. and Desai, Brijesh and Urba, Andrius and Qureshi, Asif (2021) Coast of Eastern Antarctica as the source of atmospheric mercury during austral summer. Atmospheric Pollution Research, 12 (12). ISSN 1309-1042

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Observations of atmospheric mercury over the Southern Ocean and Antarctica are still limited. We performed a ship cruise from Cape Point, South Africa, to the Indian Bharati station, Prydz Bay, Antarctica (42.72°S 24.52°E to 69.41°S 76.19°E, 2015.01.18–27) and subsequently stationed the ship near the Bharati till 2015.02.19. We report relatively constant values of gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) concentration during the cruise (1.08 ± 0.08 ng/m3, n = 541) and highly variable values at the coast (0.96 ± 0.36 ng/m3, n = 1050). Meteorological parameters: relative humidity, temperature and solar radiation had almost negligible effect on GEM concentration (adjusted R2 = 0.09 in multiple linear regression model) during the ship cruise and a limited effect on GEM (adjusted R2 = 0.34) during the ship stay at Bharati. Analysis of NOAA-HYSPLIT 24-h back trajectories showed that all trajectories were extremely shallow during the ship cruise and therefore results likely were affected by the marine boundary layer rather than long-range transport. On the other hand, highly variable values of GEM near Bharati station were explained as a result of interplay of shallow and descending air masses coming from the Antarctic coast and from the terrain. These factors together with temperature dependency indicated that the coast of Antarctica acted as a temperature-driven source of GEM during the austral summer. Measurements were performed with a portable atomic absorption (CVAAS) mercury analyzer model Gardis-5. In our knowledge, this was the first time the CVAAS method was successfully applied for the background Antarctic observations. © 2021 Turkish National Committee for Air Pollution Research and Control

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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This work was supported by the Department of Science & Technology (DST) Inspire grant (IFA-13 EAS-10) to AQ. Authors would also like to thank Ministry of Earth Sciences , India, and the National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research , India, for funding and the logistical support to the 34th Indian Scientific Expedition to the Antarctic (ISEA).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antarctica; CVAAS; Gaseous elemental mercury; Southern ocean
Subjects: Others > Earth sciences
Civil Engineering
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2022 09:58
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2022 09:58
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