Bifunctional NiFe LDH as a piezoelectric nanogenerator and asymmetric pseudo-supercapacitor

Veeralingam, Sushmitha and Gunasekaran, Sivagaami Sundari and Badhulika, Sushmee (2022) Bifunctional NiFe LDH as a piezoelectric nanogenerator and asymmetric pseudo-supercapacitor. Materials Chemistry Frontiers. pp. 1-12. ISSN 2052-1537

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Herein, a lead-free nickel-iron layered-double hydroxide (NiFe LDH)-based piezoelectric nanomaterial is used to fabricate a self-powered unit based on a piezoelectric nanogenerator and high-performance asymmetric supercapacitor (ASC). XRD analysis of the NiFe LDH nanostructure confirms the distortion of the octahedral structural of (Ni,Fe)(OH)2+ cationic layers with respect to anionic layers of (CO3)2−, which is responsible for the piezoelectric effect in the NiFe LDH nanostructures. A piezoelectric force microscope (PFM) study of the NiFe LDH nanostructure is performed and a superior piezoelectric charge coefficient of 274 pm V−1 is obtained. A flexible, semi-transparent NiFe LDH:PDMS-based piezoelectric nanogenerator is fabricated with the device configuration of Pt-coated PET/(NiFe LDH:PDMS)/ITO-coated PET. A peak output voltage was obtained as 53 V and a peak current density was obtained as 0.79 μA cm−2 under a compression force of 0.15 kgf. The high value of the piezoelectric charge coefficient of the NiFe LDH and the low surface energy of the PDMS polymer is accountable for the generation of this high output. The NiFe LDH:PDMS-based piezoelectric nanogenerator (PENG) possesses a high energy-conversion efficiency of 34 ± 0.2% with a fast response time of 40 ms. Furthermore, to explore the practical utility of the nanogenerator, an asymmetric supercapacitor using the as-prepared NiFe LDH and biomass-derived activated carbon (AC) as the positive and negative electrode, respectively, is fabricated resulting in a capacitance of 1340 F g−1 at 1 A g−1. The supercapacitor is charged using the NiFe LDH nanogenerator and an efficient charging curve of up to 0.8 V·s is observed under continuous tapping for 100 s. The integrated self-powered system that works by charging the ASC using a piezoelectric hybrid nanogenerator is demonstrated, which provides a promising direction in powering smart wearable electronic devices. © 2022 The Royal Society of Chemistry

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Badhulika, Sushmee
Item Type: Article
Additional Information: S. B. acknowledges financial assistance from Defence Research Development Organization funding Defence Research Development Organization Young Scientist Laboratory-Smart Materials (DRDO DYSL–SM) grant DYSL-SM/CARS-04. S. V. and S. S. acknowledge Dhiraj for the schematic design.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Asymmetric supercapacitor; Bi-functional; Layered-double hydroxides; Lead-Free; Nanogenerators; Nickel irons; Piezoelectric; Piezoelectric charge coefficient; Piezoelectric nanogenerator; Self-powered
Subjects: Electrical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2022 11:44
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2022 12:05
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