Seismic fragility assessment of load‐bearing soft‐brick unreinforced masonry piers

Vemuri, Jayaprakash and Anwar, Tariq and Subramaniam, Kolluru V.L. (2022) Seismic fragility assessment of load‐bearing soft‐brick unreinforced masonry piers. Journal of Safety Science and Resilience, 3 (4). pp. 277-287. ISSN 2666-4496

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Unreinforced masonry (URM) made with soft bricks comprises a large percentage of the building stock in developing countries. However, the poor performance of URM piers during earthquakes has led to renewed interest in understanding their behavior under lateral loads. Little experimental data is available on the seismic response, analysis, and design of URMs made of soft bricks. In this study, the micro-modeling technique is used to simulate the in-plane behavior of load-bearing, soft-brick URM piers. The parameters required in the constitutive models are obtained from material tests and used to develop a calibrated numerical model of the URM piers. Piers with various aspect ratios subjected to various axial stresses are numerically modeled to obtain monotonic and cyclic responses, and their critical displacement limit states are identified. Changes in the failure modes of masonry piers with variations in the aspect ratio and axial stress are established. Load-bearing piers exhibit three distinct failure modes: bed sliding, diagonal shear cracking, and flexure, depending on the aspect ratio and axial stress. The seismic fragility of each pier failure type is examined using nonlinear time history analyses. The results show that bed-sliding piers collapse at extremely low PGA levels. Piers failing through diagonal shear cracking also fail at low PGA levels. Flexural piers can resist seismic forces up to a slightly higher PGA level and thus are the last to collapse. The results also indicate that the effect of uncertainty in ground motions is more significant than the effect of variability in the masonry pier capacities. © 2022

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Subramaniam, Kolluru V.L.
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Micro-modeling; Nonlinear time history analyses; Seismic fragility; Soft brick; Synthetic ground motions; Unreinforced masonry
Subjects: Others > Earth sciences
Civil Engineering
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2022 05:21
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2022 05:21
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