Fe-carbon hybrid composite interlayer for improved electrochemical performance of Li-S battery

Kumar, S. Krishna and Gaikwad, Mayur M. and Rani, Poonam and Pathak, Anil D. and Sharma, Chandra Shekhar (2022) Fe-carbon hybrid composite interlayer for improved electrochemical performance of Li-S battery. Electrochimica Acta, 401. pp. 1-12. ISSN 0013-4686

[img] Text
Electrochimica_Acta_.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (4MB) | Request a copy


The major bottlenecks in achieving the full potential of Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries are the insulating nature of sulfur and Li-polysulfide (Li-PS) shuttling which lead to their poor rate performance and cyclic stability. In this work, we solve these critical issues using a unique Fe-carbon hybrid composite interlayer prepared by the catalytic graphitization of resorcinol formaldehyde (RF) xerogel. The physicochemical characterizations of the interlayer material reveal that it consists of iron-nanoparticles encapsulated by graphitic carbon within the amorphous RF xerogel derived hard carbon matrix (Fe-G-HC-IL). The Li-S battery, with Fe-G-HC-IL as a functional separator and activated candle soot-sulfur composite cathode, demonstrates a significantly improved electrochemical performance than without the interlayer. The Li-S battery with Fe-G-HC-IL shows the capacity of 1057 mAh g−1 at 1 C-rate with a decay rate of 0.055% per cycle and excellent rate capability. Further, density functional theory (DFT) calculation indicates that the Fe embedded carbon structure present in interlayer composite contributes significantly to the improvement in the conductivity and minimization of Li-PS shuttling. Additionally, this Fe-carbon hybrid structure electro catalyzes the conversion of Li-PS to desired end products of the redox reactions which further enhance the electrochemical performance of Li–S batteries. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd

[error in script]
IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Sharma, Chandra Shekharhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3821-1471
Item Type: Article
Additional Information: We would like acknowledge SERB Young Scientist Scheme and IMPRINT scheme of MHRD and Department of Heavy Industries, Govt. of India for providing the financial support to carry out this work.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carbon xerogel; Catalytic graphitization; Density functional theory; Fe-carbon interlayer; Li-polysulfides; Li-S battery
Subjects: Chemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2022 14:07
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2022 14:07
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/10000
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2021.139466
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/4625
Related URLs:

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item
Statistics for RAIITH ePrint 10000 Statistics for this ePrint Item