Power allocation in Cognitive Radio: Single and multiple secondary users

Tej, G P S and Nadkar, T and Thumar, V and Desai, U B and Merchant, S N (2011) Power allocation in Cognitive Radio: Single and multiple secondary users. In: IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, WCNC 2011, 28-31 March, 2011, Cancun; Mexico.

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Cognitive Radio (CR) improves spectral efficiency by allowing unlicensed (secondary) users to concurrently operate with licensed (primary) users. The side-lobe interference from an OFDM-based secondary user (SU) causes unwanted interference to the primary user (PU) of the spectrum. While interference mitigation to the PU spectral band has received a lot of attention in recent literature, the novelty of our work is in considering sub-bands of the PU, and ensuring that the interference to each of them is below a specified threshold. The approach is realistic and more effective in protecting the PU from the SU interference. We formulate an optimization problem for power allocation for a single SU to maximize its throughput, within a power budget, and an interference constraint on each PU sub-band. After extensively analyzing the solution form, we propose an iterative algorithm to meet the aforementioned objective. A power allocation algorithm is also proposed for a multiple SU scenario, which involves assigning sub-carriers to each user, besides the power and PU interference constraint, to maximize the sum throughput. Simulation results are provided, for both single and multi-user cases, which indicate that the proposed algorithms outperform those which have been previously presented in literature.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cognitive radio; Interference constraints; Interference mitigation; Iterative algorithm; Multi-user; Optimization problems; Power allocation algorithms; Power allocations; Power budgets; Side-lobe interference; Simulation result; Spectral band; Spectral efficiencies; Sub-bands; Sub-carriers
Subjects: Others > Electronic imaging & Singal processing
Physics > Electricity and electronics
Divisions: Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2014 07:27
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2014 07:27
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/947
Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/WCNC.2011.5779368
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