Facile charge propagation in CdS quantum dot cells

Narayanan, R and Reddy, B N and Melepurath, D (2012) Facile charge propagation in CdS quantum dot cells. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 116 (12). pp. 7189-7199. ISSN 1932-7447

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Abstract

A photoactive electrode of cadmium sulfide (CdS) quantum dots and fullerene (C 60) nanowhiskers (NW), free of a wide-gap semiconducting oxide support, has been fabricated for the first time, by growing CdS quantum dots using the successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) method over a layer of C 60 nanowhiskers. Enhanced excited electron injection efficiency from the CdS quantum dots to C 60 nanowhiskers was ascertained on the basis of maximum fluorescence quenching and shortest emission decay lifetimes in the CdS/C 60 (NW) electrode compared to conventional CdS/C 60 and CdS electrodes. Conducting atomic force microscope (C-AFM) revealed the larger nanoscale electronic conductivity for the CdS/C 60 (NW) electrode relative to CdS/C 60 or neat CdS electrodes. Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) furnished an insight into how the downshift of the quasi Fermi level toward more positive potentials in the C 60 nanowhiskers as compared to neat C 60, is capable of providing an additional driving force for rapid electron transport within the photoanode. Photoelectrochemical cells based on the CdS/C 60 (NW) and CdS/C 60 electrodes were formed by employing a thin film of carboxylate functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)/ poly(dimethyldiallylammonium chloride) (PDDA) as the counter electrode. Rapid electron transport and high effective surface area of the C 60 nanowhiskers manifested in higher photocurrents, photovoltage, and incident photon to current conversion efficiency (IPCE) for the cell based on the CdS/C 60 (NW) electrode. The advantage of using MWCNT/PDDA electrode as the counter electrode was realized in terms of an overall enhancement in short circuit current (J SC), open-circuit voltage (V OC), and IPCE attained for the CdS/C 60 (NW)-MWCNT/PDDA cell as opposed to cells based on platinum (Pt) as the counter electrode. Our method of combining CdS quantum dots with C 60 nanowhiskers to yield an electrode that is superior to C 60-based traditional electrodes on all counts is easily applicable to other visible light absorbing quantum dots and thus opens up exciting possibilities for a plethora of yet unexplored donor-acceptor architectures for high performance photoelectrochemical solar cells

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Melepurath, DUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Atomic force microscope (AFM); CdS; CdS quantum dots; Cell-based; Charge propagation; Counter electrodes; Donor-acceptors; Driving forces; Effective surface area; Electron transport; Emission decays; Fluorescence quenching; Functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes; Incident photon-to-current conversion efficiencies; Kelvin probe force microscopy; Nanoscale electronics; Photo-voltage; Photoanode; Photoelectrochemical solar cell; Poly(dimethyldiallylammonium chloride); Positive potential; Quasi-Fermi level; Semiconducting oxide; Successive ionic layer adsorption and reactions; Visible light; Wide gap
Subjects: ?? sub5.8 ??
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2014 08:52
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2015 09:22
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/783
Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp211200f
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1932-7447/
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