Selective Cytotoxicity of a Novel Trp‐Rich Peptide against Lung Tumor Spheroids Encapsulated inside a 3D Microfluidic Device

Dhiman, Nandini and Shagaghi, Nadin and Rath, Subha Narayan and et al, . (2020) Selective Cytotoxicity of a Novel Trp‐Rich Peptide against Lung Tumor Spheroids Encapsulated inside a 3D Microfluidic Device. Advanced Biosystems. ISSN 2366-7478

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Abstract

There is a globally rising healthcare need to develop new anticancer therapies as well as to test them on biologically relevant in vitro cancer models instead of overly simplistic 2D models. To address both these needs, a 3D lung cancer spheroid model is developed using human A549 cells trapped inside a collagen gel in a compartmentalized microfluidic device and homogenously sized (35–45 µm) multicellular tumor spheroids are obtained in 5 days. The novel tryptophan‐rich peptide P1, identified earlier as a potential anticancer peptide (ACP), shows enhanced cytotoxic efficacy against A549 tumor spheroids (>75%) in clinically relevant low concentrations, while it does not affect human amniotic membrane mesenchymal stem cells at the same concentrations (<15%). The peptide also inhibits the formation of tumor spheroids by reducing cell viability as well as lowering the proliferative capacity, which is confirmed by the expression of cell proliferation marker Ki‐67. The ACP offers a novel therapeutic strategy against lung cancer cells without affecting healthy cells. The microfluidic device used is likely to be useful in helping develop models for several other cancer types to test new anticancer agents.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Rath, Subha NarayanUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Subjects: Biomedical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Biomedical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2020 12:49
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2020 12:49
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/7449
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/adbi.201900285
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