Color in poly(3, 4-ethylenedioxythiophene) with profound implications for electronic, electrochemical, and optical functions

Sydam, R and Melepurath, D (2012) Color in poly(3, 4-ethylenedioxythiophene) with profound implications for electronic, electrochemical, and optical functions. ChemPlusChem, 77 (9). pp. 778-788. ISSN 2192-6506

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Abstract

Poly(3, 4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) films have been synthesized by a facile electropolymerization route by using poly(-diallyldimethylammonium) chloride (PDDA) as the counter-ion source. To enhance their efficacy, the fullerene derivative N-methyl fulleropyrrolidine (N-FP) was embedded in the PEDOT/PDDA films; the electron-conducting ability of the N-FP came to the fore, as the conductivity, optical contrast, and ion-storage capacity were greater in the PEDOT/PDDA/N-FP film than in the PEDOT/PDDA film. Both the PEDOT/PDDA and PEDOT/PDDA/N-FP films showed an unprecedented dramatic digression from the expected optical response of conventional PEDOT, exhibiting distinct π-π * absorptions in the visible region in air, corresponding to a bandgap of 1.1-1.3 eV, which is outside the established range (1.6-1.7 eV). The neutral state of these films showed split components, which was simultaneously accompanied by a reversible color change from bright blue (in oxidized form) to deep brown (in reduced form). This is a most unusual color transition for PEDOT, as it opposes the well-established colors that vacillate between dark blue (reduced) and sky blue (oxidized) tones. Atomic force microscopy and Kelvin probe force microscopy provided evidence for the higher nanoscale current-carrying capacity and lower localized work function for PEDOT/PDDA/N-FP than for PEDOT/PDDA; both the energetics and conductivity are conducive for fast redox switching. The serendipitous but easily reproducible synthesis method and results for PEDOT/PDDA and PEDOT/PDDA/N-FP pave the way for the utilization of this material for electronic, electrochemical, and optical functions. This is different from what is currently known about the molecular-level feature control of macroscopic properties

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Melepurath, DUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Charge transfer; Electrochemistry; Electrochromic polymers; Fullerenes; Structure-property relationships
Subjects: ?? sub5.8 ??
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2014 04:15
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2015 09:44
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/687
Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cplu.201200035
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/2192-6506/
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