Electrochemical Studies on Kinetics and Diffusion of Li-Ions in MnO2 Electrodes

Narsimulu, Daulatabad and Ghosh, Sourav and Bhar, Madhushri and Martha, Surendra Kumar (2019) Electrochemical Studies on Kinetics and Diffusion of Li-Ions in MnO2 Electrodes. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 166 (12). A2629-A2635. ISSN 0013-4651

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Abstract

In this work, beta MnO2 nanorods synthesized by one-step microwave assisted solvothermal approach are used as conversion anodes for lithium-ion batteries. TheMnO2 electrode exhibits the high initial capacity of 950 mAh g-1 (third cycle) followed by 550 mAh g-1 during the 50th cycle and 1000 mAh g-1 at the end of 200 cycles at C/20 rate. The material also exhibits good capacity at higher C rates of 1C, follows the same capacity retention pattern of C/20 rate and stable over 1000 cycles. The Trasatti procedure has been used to understand the kinetics of the gradual increase in capacity with an increase in cycle number. The increase in capacity is attributed to the enhancement in pseudo capacitive contribution to the overall charge storage from 31% to 75% during 50th and 1000th cycles, respectively. Impedance studies further reveal that MnO2 electrodes exhibit a faster Li-ion diffusion and less resistance with an increase in cycle number. Further, the notable electrochemical performance can be attributed to the unique one-dimensionalMnO2 nanorod, which shortens the Li+ diffusion length, and accommodates the strain induced by drastic volume change upon continuous cycling.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Martha, Surendra KumarUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Indexed in Scopus and WoS
Subjects: Chemistry
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2019 06:41
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2019 06:41
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/6862
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1149/2.1161912jes
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