Electrodes of poly(n-methyl pyrrole)/Au and poly(maminobenzene sulfonic acid)-functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes for supercapacitor applications

Reddy, B N and Billa, N and Melepurath, D (2012) Electrodes of poly(n-methyl pyrrole)/Au and poly(maminobenzene sulfonic acid)-functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes for supercapacitor applications. ChemPlusChem, 77 (9). pp. 789-798. ISSN 2192-6506

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Abstract

An assembly of poly(N-methyl pyrrole) (PMP) doped with poly(3-styrene sulfonate) with embedded Au nanoparticles (PMP/Au) was grown by electropolymerization of the monomer (MP) followed by adsorption of a Au colloid. Multiwalled carbon nanotubes were functionalized with poly(m-aminobenzene sulfonic acid) (MWCNT/PABS) and deposited electrophor-etically over conducting substrates. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman studies confirmed the successful functionalization of the MWCNTs by PABS. A new asymmetric supercapacitor design incorporating PMP/Au and MWCNT/PABS as electrodes was implemented for the first time, and the cell delivered a reversible specific capacitance of 967 Fg -1 and a maximum energy density of 174WhKg -1, which was superior to a PMP-MWCNT/PABS cell (167 Fg -1) and higher than many reported capacitances of poly(pyrrole)-based supercapacitors. The PMP/Au electrode outperformed pristine PMP, graphite, and MWCNT/PABS electrodes in a study of different symmetric and asymmetric cells employing these electrodes. Scanning spreading resistance microscopy (SSRM) and conducting atomic force microscopy (C-AFM) showed a lower spreading resistance and a larger nanoscale electronic conductivity for the PMP/Au electrode than for the pristine PMP electrode; these attributes allow unhindered charge transport both in the radial direction and across the cross-section of the PMP/Au electrode. The facile electron propagation in the PMP/Au electrode, enabled by the presence of localized conducting domains of Au nanoparticles implanted in the PMP electrode, effectively translates into an enhanced specific capacitance of PMP/Au-based cells relative to PMP. The results demonstrate that asymmetrically designed cells offer an exciting way to boost the overall performance of supercapacitors

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Melepurath, DUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Charge transfer; Nanoparticles; Poly(N-methyl pyrrole); Scanning spreading resistance microscopy; Supercapacitors
Subjects: ?? sub5.8 ??
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2014 04:14
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2015 09:38
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/679
Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cplu.201200140
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/2192-6506/
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