Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-ionic liquid functionalized graphene/reduced graphene oxide nanostructures: Improved conduction and electrochromism

Saxena, A P and Melepurath, D and Joshi, A G and Bhandari, S and Srivastava, A K (2011) Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-ionic liquid functionalized graphene/reduced graphene oxide nanostructures: Improved conduction and electrochromism. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 3 (4). pp. 1115-1126. ISSN 1944-8244

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Abstract

Nanocomposite assemblies of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), embedded with (a) fluoro alkyl phosphate based ionic liquid functionalized graphene (ILFG) and (b) reduced graphene oxide (RGO) prepared from a modified Hummers method, have been synthesized. Defect free graphene nanosheets within the size of a few nanometers were achieved in the PEDOT-ILFG nanocomposite. In contrast, structures comprising graphene oxide wrinkles interspersed with the amorphous polymer were obtained in the PEDOT-RGO nanocomposite. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy showed that neat ILFG was considerably less oxidized as compared to the neat RGO, which ratified the superiority of the ionic liquid functionalization strategy over the conventional chemical approach, for exfoliating graphite. Substantially higher electrochemical activity, improved ionic/electronic conductivity, much faster switching rates, and an almost ballistic enhancement in the electrochromic coloration efficiency attained for the PEDOT-ILFG nanocomposite in comparison to PEDOT-RGO film were irrefutable proofs that demonstrated the ability of the ionic liquid to not only fortify the structure of graphene but also facilitate charge transport through the bulk of the film, by providing less impeded pathways. Since PEDOT-ILFG/-RGO nanocomposites of good uniformity have been achieved, this, to some extent, addresses the challenge associated with the processing of graphene based high performance materials for practical applications.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Melepurath, DUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: electrochromic; graphene oxide; ionic liquid; poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)
Subjects: ?? sub5.8 ??
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2014 08:12
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2015 10:11
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/614
Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/am101255a
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1944-8244/
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