# Effect of non- $$180^{\circ }$$ 180 ∘ polarization invariants on the exchange bias of tetragonal $$\langle 001\rangle$$ ⟨ 001 ⟩ and rhombohedral $$\langle 111\rangle$$ ⟨ 111 ⟩ orientations of bismuth ferrite epitaxial thin films

Sajmohan, M M and Ranjith, R and Chelvane, J Arout (2019) Effect of non- $$180^{\circ }$$ 180 ∘ polarization invariants on the exchange bias of tetragonal $$\langle 001\rangle$$ ⟨ 001 ⟩ and rhombohedral $$\langle 111\rangle$$ ⟨ 111 ⟩ orientations of bismuth ferrite epitaxial thin films. Bulletin of Materials Science, 42 (5). ISSN 0250-4707

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## Abstract

BiFeO3 (BFO) is the only room temperature multiferroic material that has been extensively studied due to its multifunctional properties. BFO with a canted G-type antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering exhibits strong exchange bias characteristics with NiFe which offers the potential to design and utilize devices working based on multiferroic features. In the past, it was known that the presence of 180∘ domain walls of BFO hinders a plausible exchange bias interaction. To understand the role of the strain-induced effects on such 180∘ domain walls and its effect on the exchange bias, NiFe, a soft ferromagnetic layer, was grown on the epitaxial BFO AFM layers. An approximately 80 nm BFO layer was grown epitaxially in both the tetragonal (001) phase on the LaAlO3 (001) substrate and the rhombohedral (111) phase on the SrTiO3 (111) substrate, with a thin (10 nm) layer of Ni80Fe20 on top of it. An exchange bias of 510 Oe was observed in the tetragonal phase of BFO with a c / a ratio of 1.22, which is comparable with the exchange bias shown by the (111) oriented rhombohedral phase (360 Oe). Both the tetragonal (001) and rhombohedral (111) layers possess ferroelectric polarization normal to the sample surface and so the domain walls are mostly 180∘ oriented which is expected to have a minimum effect on the exchange bias. However, the weak strain-induced structural variants in the (111) oriented rhombohedral BFO and the monoclinic distortion present in the tetragonal BFO introduce non- 180∘ domain walls in the system. These variants arising due to the structural distortion are expected to play a key role in defining the ferroelectric domain wall nature, thereby exhibiting exchange bias characteristics.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Ranjith, RUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Subjects: Materials Engineering > Materials engineering
Divisions: Department of Material Science Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2019 05:01