Deformation and breakup of droplets in an oblique continuous air stream

Soni, Surendra Kumar and Kirar, Pavan Kumar and Kolhe, Pankaj and Sahu, Kirti Chandra (2019) Deformation and breakup of droplets in an oblique continuous air stream. arXiv.org.

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Abstract

We experimentally investigate the deformation and breakup of droplets interacting with an oblique continuous air stream. A high-speed imaging system is employed to record the trajectories and topological changes of the droplets of different liquids. The droplet size, the orientation of the air nozzle to the horizontal and fluid properties (surface tension and viscosity) are varied to study different breakup modes. We found that droplet possessing initial momentum prior to entering the continuous air stream exhibits a variation in the required Weber number for the vibrational to the bag breakup transition with a change in the angle of the air stream. The critical Weber numbers (W ecr) for the bag-type breakup are obtained as a function of the E¨otv¨os number (Eo), angle of inclination of the air stream (α) and the Ohnesorge number (Oh). It is found that although the droplet follows a rectilinear motion initially that transforms to a curvilinear motion at later times when the droplet undergoes topological changes. The apparent acceleration of the droplet and its size influence the critical Weber number for the bag breakup mode. The departure from the crossflow arrangement shows a sharp decrease in the critical Weber number for the bag breakup which asymptotically reaches to a value associated with the in-line (opposed) flow configuration for the droplet breakup.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Sahu, Kirti Chandrahttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-7357-1141
Kolhe, PankajUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Subjects: Chemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2019 04:19
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2019 04:19
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/5527
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