Decellularized extracellular matrix hydrogels – cell behavior as function of matrix stiffness

Sasikumar, Shyama and Chameettachal, Shibu and Pati, Falguni et. al. (2019) Decellularized extracellular matrix hydrogels – cell behavior as function of matrix stiffness. Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering. ISSN 24684511

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Abstract

Cells in their native environment are exposed to a milieu of biochemical and physical forces. Cellular physiology and function are affected by dynamic cell – cell and cell – matrix interactions and communication. Cells bind to the cellular or matrix components through receptors, causing changes in the cytoskeleton, which is then translated into information that controls cell behavior such as cellular proliferation, differentiation or migration. Physical properties like matrix stiffness and micro- and nano-topographies play an important role in determining cell behavior. This review explores the effect of matrix stiffness on cell behavior, especially when using decellularized extracellular matrix hydrogels as scaffolds for tissue regeneration. Since the mechanical strength of decellularized extracellular matrix hydrogels is lower than that of native tissue, tuning these properties to achieve conditions similar to the in vivo microenvironment can improve the performance of the decellularized extracellular matrix hydrogels as scaffolds in tissue engineering.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Pati, Falgunihttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-3588-1800
Item Type: Article
Subjects: Biomedical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Biomedical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2019 04:36
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2019 04:36
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/5413
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.cobme.2019.05.002
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