Joint Use of ERT, Tracer, and Numerical Techniques to Image Preferential Flow Paths in a Fractured Granite Aquifer

Sanaga, S and Sreeparvathy, Vijay and Kambhammettu, B P et. al. (2017) Joint Use of ERT, Tracer, and Numerical Techniques to Image Preferential Flow Paths in a Fractured Granite Aquifer. In: AGU Fall Meet, 11-15 December 2017, USA.

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Abstract

Fractured geologic media poses formidable challenges to hydrogeologists due of the strenuous mapping of fracture-matrix system and quantification of flow and transport processes. In this research, we demonstrated the efficacy of tracer-ERT studies coupled with numerical simulations to delineate preferential flow paths in a fractured granite aquifer of Deccan traps in India. A series of natural gradient saline tracer experiments were conducted from a depth window of 18 to 22 m in an injection well located inside the IIT Hyderabad campus. Tracer migration was monitored in a time-lapse mode using two cross-sectional surface ERT profiles placed in the direction of flow gradient. Dynamic changes in sub-surface electrical properties inferred via resistivity anomalies were used to highlight preferential flow paths of the study area. ERT-derived tracer breakthrough curves were in agreement with geochemical sample measurements (R2=0.74). Fracture geometry and hydraulic properties derived from ERT and pumping tests were then used to evaluate two mathematical conceptualizations that are relevant to fractured aquifers. Results of numerical analysis conclude that a dual continuum model that combines matrix and fracture systems through a flow exchange term has outperformed equivalent continuum model in reproducing tracer concentrations at the monitoring wells (evident by decrease in RMSE from 199 mg/l to 65 mg/l). A sensitivity analysis of the model parameters reveals that spatial variability in hydraulic conductivity, local-scale dispersion, and flow exchange at fracture-matrix interface have a profound effect on model simulations. Keywords: saline tracer, ERT, fractured granite, groundwater, preferential flow, numerical simulation

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Kambhammettu, B PUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Civil Engineering
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 21 May 2019 09:34
Last Modified: 28 May 2019 07:38
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/5282
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