Gajbhiye, Narendra Laxman and Eswaran, Vinayak
(2019)
Effect of radial magnetic field on the natural convection in a semicircular curved enclosure for different aspect ratios.
Sadhana, 44 (4).
ISSN 02562499
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Abstract
The problem of natural convection in a (2D) semicircular curved enclosure in the presence of a radial magnetic field is numerically studied in this paper. The selected configuration is such that the convective flow is driven by a mean temperature gradient also directed radially, and the effects of enclosure aspect ratio and the strength of the applied magnetic field are considered. Numerical simulations are carried out using a (3D) MHD code developed by our research group, first at a fixed Ra=105 and Pr=0.71 for aspect ratios A=2,4,6,8 and Hartmann numbers in the range Ha=0−100 . As the aspect ratio is increased, a Rayleigh–Bénardlike convection with the convective cells formed near the symmetric central portion of the enclosure, where the mean temperature gradient is antiparallel to the gravity, is found to be triggered. Except at the transition, the effect of the imposed radial magnetic field is found to decrease the fluid motion in general, and the convective motion is completely suppressed at Ha=100 irrespective of the aspect ratio. The critical Hartmann number for the onset of (R–Blike) convection is found to decrease with an increase in the aspect ratio. Numerical simulations are also attempted at a fixed A=10 and Ra=8000 for Prandtl numbers Pr=10,0.1,0.01 and Hartmann numbers Ha=0,3,6,9,12 . In the absence of the applied magnetic field, the flow is found to exhibit periodic oscillations of increased amplitude and timeperiod when Pr is decreased, except at Pr=10 , where a steadystate solution is found. For Pr=0.01 , the oscillatory flow is observed to persist even when the magnetic field strength is increased in the range Ha=3−12 . Moreover, the temporal frequency of these flow oscillations is found to be nearly the same for Ha≤9 .
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