Realization of rhombohedral, mixed, and tetragonal like phases of BiFeO3 and ferroelectric domain engineering using a strain tuning layer on LaAlO3(001) substrate

M M, Saj Mohan and Bandyopadhyay, Soumya and Jogi, Tushar and Bhattacharya, Saswata and Ramadurai, Ranjit (2019) Realization of rhombohedral, mixed, and tetragonal like phases of BiFeO3 and ferroelectric domain engineering using a strain tuning layer on LaAlO3(001) substrate. Journal of Applied Physics, 125 (1). ISSN 0021-8979

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Abstract

BiFeO3 (BFO), a room temperature multiferroic, undergoes a series of structural transformations under varying strain conditions by utilizing appropriate substrates for a specific strain condition. In this study, epitaxial thin films of BFO were grown on La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 +/-delta (LSMO), a strain tuning layer on LaAlO3[LAO (001)] substrates, using pulsed laser ablation. LSMO layers of varying thicknesses from 2 nm to 20 nm were grown followed by a BFO layer of a fixed thickness (20 nm). A strained layer of similar to 2 nm thick LSMO stabilizes the tetragonal like phase of BFO. Increasing the thickness of the LSMO layer to 10 nm results in a mixed phase with rhombohedral (R) and tetragonal (T) domains, and a further increment of the LSMO layer thickness to 20 nm stabilizes the rhombohedral phase of BFO. The tetragonal phase with weak monoclinic distortion possessed 180 degrees domains with dominant out-of-plane polarization components. However, the mixed phase (R + T) possessed various plausible polarization components in both out-of-plane and in-plane directions. Further, a thermodynamically consistent model based on the phase field approach was implemented to investigate the role of strain on the formation of domain patterns with various polarization components and piezoelectric coefficients. The simulated domain structure exhibited a similar transformation on the dominant polarization components as observed in experiments across different phases of BFO. Our simulations show that the elastic constraint along the z-direction enhances the tetragonality of BFO. The piezoelectric (d(33)) coefficient was found to be similar to 46 pm/V for the 20 nm mixed phase BFO, which was nearly a 200% increment compared to the single phase BFO thin films on LAO. Published under license by AIP Publishing.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Bhattacharya, SaswataUNSPECIFIED
Ramadurai, Ranjithttp://orcid.org/0000-0003-2991-0027
Item Type: Article
Subjects: Materials Engineering > Materials engineering
Divisions: Department of Material Science Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2019 10:18
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2019 10:18
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/4747
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1063/1.5054372
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0021-8979/
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