Controlling the solid-state luminescence of gold(I) N-heterocyclic carbene complexes through changes in the structure of molecular aggregates

Arruri, Sathyanarayana and Shin-ya, Nakamura and Hisano, Kyohei and T, Osamu and K, Srinivas and G, Prabusankar (2018) Controlling the solid-state luminescence of gold(I) N-heterocyclic carbene complexes through changes in the structure of molecular aggregates. Science China Chemistry, 61 (8). pp. 957-965. ISSN 1674-7291

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Abstract

Thermally stable, solid-state luminescent organic materials are highly desired for the development of practical applications. Herein we synthesized new gold(I) complexes with N-heterocyclic carbene ligands, which have the ability to form strong metal-organic bond. Consequently, their thermochemical stability is enhanced at temperatures around 300 °C. Precise design of the molecular structure of the ligands, with a focus on ensuring low steric hindrance around Au atoms in order to limit disturbances to Au/Au interactions, provided a complex with a densely packed crystal with a shorter intermolecular Au–Au distance (3.17 Å) than the typical distance. In the solid state, this complex exhibited strong aurophilic interactions, which generated intense phosphorescence even in air at room temperature (quantum yield=16%) in spite of absence of any phosphorescence in solution. This behavior is characteristic for solid-state luminescence referred to as aggregation-controlled emission. Furthermore, the gold (I) complex displays capacity for mechano- and vapo-chromism—that is, the ability to change color reversibly in response to the application of external stimuli. We believe that the proposed design framework, which involves controlling thermal stability and luminescence property separately, provides a new opportunity for the development of practical applications using solid-state luminescent organic molecules.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
G, Prabusankarhttp://orcid.org/0000-0003-1772-135X
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Au complex, N-heterocyclic carbene, phosphorescence, mechanochromism, aggregation-induced emission
Subjects: Chemistry
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2018 06:08
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2018 06:08
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/4391
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1007/s11426-018-9318-9
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1674-7291/
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