The Achievable Rate of Interweave Cognitive Radio in the Face of Sensing Errors

Patel, A and Khan, Mohammed Zafar Ali and Merchant, S N and Desai, U B and Hanzo, L (2017) The Achievable Rate of Interweave Cognitive Radio in the Face of Sensing Errors. IEEE Access, 5. pp. 8579-8605. ISSN 2169-3536

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Abstract

Cognitive radio (CR) systems are potentially capable of mitigating the spectrum shortage of contemporary wireless systems. In this paper, we provide a brief overview of CR systems and the important research milestones of their evolution, along with their standardization activities, as a result of their research. This is followed by the detailed analysis of the interweave policy-based CR network (CRN) and by a detailed comparison with the family of underlay-based CRNs. In the interweave-based CRN, sensing of the primary user's (PU) spectrum by the secondary user's (SU) has remained a challenge, because the sensing errors prevent us from fulfilling the significant throughput gains that the concept of CR promises. Since missed detection and false alarm errors in real-time spectrum sensing cannot be avoided, based on a new approach, we quantify the achievable rates of the interweave CR by explicitly incorporating the effect of sensing errors. The link between the PU transmitter and the SU transmitter is assumed to be fast fading. Explicitly, the achievable rate degradation imposed by the sensing errors is analyzed for two spectrum sensing techniques, namely, for energy detection and for magnitude squared coherence-based detection. It is demonstrated that when the channel is sparsely occupied by the PU, the reusing techniques that are capable of simultaneously providing low missed detection and false alarm probabilities cause only a minor degradation to the achievable rates. Furthermore, based on the achievable rates derived for underlay CRNs, we compare the interweave CR and the underlay CR paradigms from the perspective of their resilience against spectrum sensing errors. Interestingly, in many practical regimes, the interweave CR paradigm outperforms the underlay CR paradigm in the presence of sensing errors, especially when the SNR at the SU is below 10 dB and when the SNR at the PU is in the range of 10-40 dB. Furthermore, we also provide rules of thumb that identify regimes, where the interweave CR outperforms the underlay CR.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Khan, Mohammed Zafar AliUNSPECIFIED
Desai, U BUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ODFM, interweave, missed detection, false alarm, achievable rate
Subjects: Electrical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2017 10:04
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2017 04:44
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/3349
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2016.2612941
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/2169-3536/
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