Non-thermal discharge plasma promoted redox transformation of arsenic(III) and chromium(VI) in an aqueous medium

Chandana, L and Ch, Subrahmanyam (2017) Non-thermal discharge plasma promoted redox transformation of arsenic(III) and chromium(VI) in an aqueous medium. Chemical Engineering Journal. ISSN 1385-8947 (In Press)

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Abstract

A non-thermal plasma (NTP) reactor operating under ambient conditions was designed and tested for the redox transformation of As(III) and Cr(VI) in an aqueous medium. Influence of initial concentration and applied voltage was studied for the individual/simultaneous removal of the pollutants. Active species generated in the discharge, like hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), hydroxyl radicals (radical dotOH) were quantified and hydrated electrons (e−aq), hydrogen radicals (radical dotH) were identified. It has been observed that H2O2 decomposes to generate radical dotOH, which oxidizes As(III) to As(V). Typical results indicated that the simultaneous removal of As(III) and Cr(VI) is beneficial over the removal of individual pollutants. It has been observed that the presence of both the reactants complements the redox nature, where As(III) suppresses the re-oxidation of Cr(III) to Cr(VI) and promotes Cr(VI) reduction to Cr(III). Addition of Fe(II) salt to the reaction mixture significantly enhances the As(III) oxidation. The best energy yield obtained for the redox transformation of As(III) and Cr(VI) was ∼24 g/kWh and ∼15 g/kWh, respectively. These findings demonstrate the feasibility of the simultaneous transformations of toxic As(III) and Cr(VI) in an environmentally benign manner.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Discharge plasma; Heavy metals; Chromium(VI); Arsenic(III); Redox reactions; Emission spectrum
Subjects: ?? QD ??
Divisions: ?? sch_che ??
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2017 09:32
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2017 09:32
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/3182
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2017.05.114
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