One step direct synthesis of multiwalled carbon nanotubes from coconut shell derived charcoal

Araga, R and Sharma, C S (2017) One step direct synthesis of multiwalled carbon nanotubes from coconut shell derived charcoal. Materials Letters, 108. pp. 205-207. ISSN 0167-577X

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Abstract

Coconut shell is an example of biomass which is a natural resource of different minerals. We have synthesized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) over coconut shell derived charcoal pyrolyzed at 900 °C, by utilizing the mineral content in source material as catalysts for carbon nanotube (CNT) growth. Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) technique was used for the low-temperature synthesis at 450 °C. Hydrogen (H2) was used as etchant gas and acetylene (C2H2) as a carbon source for CNT growth. Interelectrode distance, the distance between anode and gas shower, gas mixture ratio (C2H2/H2) and radio frequency (13.56 MHz) power were tuned to achieve the desired plasma. Further CNT growth conditions such as temperature, plasma pretreatment time, flow rates of H2 and C2H2 and synthesis time were also optimized. CNT growth on the charcoal surface was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy and elemental composition near the tips of nanotubes was measured by energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer. Further as-prepared samples were also structurally characterized by Raman spectroscopy.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Sharma, C SUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Coconut shell; Biomass; Carbon nanotubes; Pyrolysis; Catalyst; PECVD
Subjects: Chemical Engineering > Biochemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2016 08:30
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2017 04:02
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/2873
Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2016.11.014
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0167-577X/
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