Magnetostrictive Fe73Ga27 nanocontacts for low-field conductance switching

Kannan, U M and Kuntz, S and Berg, O and Kittler, W and Basumatary, H and Chelvane, J A and Surgers, C and J, Suryanarayana (2016) Magnetostrictive Fe73Ga27 nanocontacts for low-field conductance switching. Applied Physics Letters, 108 (24). p. 242408. ISSN 0003-6951

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The electrical conductance G of magnetostrictive nanocontacts made from Galfenol (Fe73Ga27) can be reproducibly switched between "on" and "off" states in a low magnetic field of similar to 20-30 mT at 10 K. The switching behavior is in agreement with the magnetic field dependence of the magnetostriction inferred from the magnetization behavior, causing a positive magnetostrictive strain along the magnetic field. The repeated magnetic-field cycling leads to a stable contact geometry and to a robust contact configuration with a very low hysteresis of similar to 1 mT between opening and closing the contact due to a training effect. Non-integral multiples of the conductance quantum G(0) observed for G > G(0) are attributed to electron backscattering at defect sites in the electrodes near the contact interface. When the contact is closed either mechanically or by magnetic field, the conductance shows an exponential behavior below G(0) due to electron tunneling. This allows to estimate the magnetostriction lambda = 4 x 10(-5) at 10 K. The results demonstrate that such magnetostrictive devices are suitable for the remote control of the conductance by low magnetic fields in future nanotechnology applications.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
J, SuryanarayanaUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: FE-GA; Break Junctions; Alloys; Magnetoelasticity; Contacts; Galfenol
Subjects: Physics
Divisions: Department of Physics
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2016 07:33
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2017 06:48
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