Caterpillar-like sub-micron LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 structures with site disorder and excess Mn3+ as high performance cathode material for lithium ion batteries

Haridas, A K and Sharma, Chandra Shekhar and Rao, T N (2016) Caterpillar-like sub-micron LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 structures with site disorder and excess Mn3+ as high performance cathode material for lithium ion batteries. Electrochimica Acta, 212. pp. 500-509. ISSN 0013-4686

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Abstract

Caterpillar-like spinel LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 (LNMO) sub-micron structures with Fd3m space group were synthesised by polymer assisted sol-gel/electrospinning and post heat treatments in air atmosphere. The novel caterpillar structures were composed of 60–100 nm sized well sintered and interconnected nano grains as observed by FESEM and TEM studies. The presence of Fd3m structure in the LNMO caterpillars were confirmed using X-Ray Diffraction and Raman spectroscopy studies. The Cyclic Voltammetry and Galvanostatic charge-discharge studies revealed the presence of substantial amount of Mn3+ in LNMO caterpillars. The LNMO caterpillar structures have exhibited high rate capability and excellent capacity retention (118 mAh/g at 1 C rate) after 100 cycles of charge discharge, when compared with P4332 LNMO sol heated powders (82 mAh/g at 1 C rate) synthesised in the absence of polymer. The EIS studies revealed low charge transfer resistances in LNMO caterpillars (4 times lower) in comparison to LNMO sol heated powders. The prepared LNMO caterpillar like structures with considerable Mn3+ concentration can be considered as a high performance cathode material for Lithium ion batteries.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Sharma, Chandra ShekharUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4; Electrospinning; cathode; high voltage; lithium-ion battery
Subjects: Chemical Engineering > Biochemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2016 06:59
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2019 04:45
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/2546
Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2016.07.039
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0013-4686/
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