A Distributed Parameter Model for a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell: Simulating Realistic Operating Conditions

Monder, D S and Polisetty, V G and Jampana, Phanindra Varma and Janardhanan, V M (2015) A Distributed Parameter Model for a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell: Simulating Realistic Operating Conditions. IFAC papers online, 48 (8). pp. 734-739. ISSN 1474-6670

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Abstract

We present a detailed multiphysics model capable of simulating the dyn amic behavior of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). This model includes a description of a ll the important physical and chemical processes in a fuel cell: fluid flow, mass and heat trans fer, electronic and ionic potential fields, as well as the chemical and electrochemical react ions. The resulting highly nonlinear, coupled system of differential equations is solved using a fi nite volume discretization. Our interest lies in simulating realistic operating conditions with the obj ective of high efficiency operation at high fuel utilization. While there are a number of studies in the literature that present multiphysics models for SOFCs, few have focused on simulat ing operating conditions that are necessary if SOFC systems are to realize their promise of h igh efficiency conversion of chemical energy to electrical energy. In this report we present s imulation results at operating conditions that approach the required ranges of power density an d overall efficiency. Our results include a) the temperature and composition profiles along a typical f uel cell in a SOFC stack, b) the dynamic response of the cell to step changes in the available inpu t variables. Since models such as the one presented here are fairly expensive computationa lly and cannot be directly used for online model predictive control, one generally looks to use simplifie d reduced order models for control. We briefly discuss the implications of our model results o n the validity of using reduced models for the control of SOFC stacks to show that avoid ing operating regions where well-known degradation modes are activated is non-trivial without u sing detailed multiphysics models.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Jampana, Phanindra Varmahttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-9678-5249
Janardhanan, V Mhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-3458-4169
Item Type: Article
Additional Information: NOTE: Also presented at 9th IFAC Symposium on Advanced Control of Chemical Processes ADCHEM 2015 — Whistler, Canada, 7–10 June 7 – 10, 2015
Uncontrolled Keywords: physically based control relevant modeling, high efficiency operation of fuel cells, degradation risk modeling.
Subjects: Chemical Engineering > Explosives, fuels, related products
Chemical Engineering > Biochemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2015 05:58
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2017 08:37
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/1875
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ifacol.2015.09.056
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1474-6670/
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