Low-cost adsorbents from bio-waste for the removal of dyes from aqueous solution

Reddy, P M K and Sk, Mahammadunnisa and B, Ramaraju and B, Sreedhar and Ch, Subrahmanyam (2013) Low-cost adsorbents from bio-waste for the removal of dyes from aqueous solution. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 20 (6). pp. 4111-4124. ISSN 0944-1344

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Activated carbons (ACs) were developed from bio-waste materials like rice husk and peanut shell (PS) by various physicochemical activation methods. PS char digested in nitric acid followed by treatment at 673 K resulted in high surface area up to ∼585 m2/g. The novelty of the present study is the identification of oxygen functional groups formed on the surface of activated carbons by infrared and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and quantification by using temperature programmed decomposition (TPD). Typical TPD data indicated that each activation method may lead to varying amounts of acidic and basic functional groups on the surface of the adsorbent, which may be a crucial factor in determining the adsorption capacity. It was shown that ACs developed during the present study are good adsorbents, especially for the removal of a model textile dye methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solution. As MB is a basic dye, H2O2-treated rice husk showed the best adsorption capacity, which is in agreement with the acidic groups present on the surface. Removal of the dye followed Langmuir isotherm model, whereas MB adsorption on ACs followed pseudo-second-order kinetics.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Ch, Subrahmanyamhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2643-3854
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rice husk;Peanut shell;Activated carbon;Methylene blue;Adsorption;Surface analysis
Subjects: ?? sub5.8 ??
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Library Staff
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2015 11:26
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2017 06:29
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/1422
Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-012-1360-8
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0944-1344/
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