Steam Reforming and Oxidative Steam Reforming of Isobutanol Over Supported Metal Catalysts

Dhanala, V (2015) Steam Reforming and Oxidative Steam Reforming of Isobutanol Over Supported Metal Catalysts. PhD thesis, Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad.

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Abstract

The human civilization is deeply reliant on fossil fuels to meet societal needs of energy and organic chemicals. The fossil fuels reserves are however diminishing continuously to meet growing demands of energy and organic chemicals of the world’s mounting population with improved standards of living. The increased usages of fossil fuels have also vast impact on earth environment due to emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2 and CH4) which are responsible for global warming. Therefore, there is a strong need of finding carbon-neutral renewable resources for sustainable production of energy and organic chemicals while preserving earth environment. In recent times, the bio-n-butanol has been received widespread attention as bio-fuel because of its superior fuel qualities over biodiesel and bioethanol. The isobutanol having lesser toxicity and higher octane number compared to n-butanol and same essential fuel potentials as n-butanol is deliberated as one of the promising bio-fuels of the future. Once bio-butanols based biorefinery is realized successfully, novel methods of production of synthesis gas (SG) must also be established from bio-butanols. Apprehending tremendous upcoming prospective of bio-butanols based biorefinery, present work initiated to explore experimental and thermodynamic investigation on steam reforming (SR) and oxidative steam reforming (OSR) of isobutanol over supported metal catalysts for production of SG. The SG finds wide ranges of applications in chemical industries, for example, manufacture of hydrogen, ammonia, fertilizers, methanol, and dimethyl ether by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS). SG also provides a source of highly pure hydrogen for fuel cell applications to generate electric power in an environmentally cleaner manner.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords: TD290
Subjects: Chemical Engineering > Biochemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2015 05:54
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2015 04:59
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/1400
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