Adiga, A and Chandran, L S and Sivadasan, N
(2014)
Lower bounds for boxicity.
Combinatorica, 34 (6).
pp. 631655.
ISSN 02099683
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Abstract
An axisparallel bdimensional box is a Cartesian product R1×2×...×Rb where Ri is a closed interval of the form [ai; bi] on the real line. For a graph G, its boxicity box(G) is the minimum dimension b, such that G is representable as the intersection graph of boxes in bdimensional space. Although boxicity was introduced in 1969 and studied extensively, there are no significant results on lower bounds for boxicity. In this paper, we develop two general methods for deriving lower bounds. Applying these methods we give several results, some of which are listed below: 1. The boxicity of a graph on n vertices with no universal vertices and minimum degree δ is at least n/2(nδ1). 2. Consider the G(n;p) model of random graphs. Let p ≤ 1  40logn/n2. Then with high probability, box(G) = Ω(np(1  p)). On setting p = 1/2 we immediately infer that almost all graphs have boxicity Ω(n). Another consequence of this result is as follows: For any positive constant c < 1, almost all graphs on n vertices and(Formula presented.)edges have boxicity Ω(m/n). 3. Let G be a connected kregular graph on n vertices. Let λ be the second largest eigenvalue in absolute value of the adjacency matrix of G. Then, the boxicity of G is at least (Formula presented.). 4. For any positive constant c < 1, almost all balanced bipartite graphs on 2n vertices and m≤cn2 edges have boxicity Ω(m/n).
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