Predicting the temperature and reactant concentration profiles of reacting flow in the partial oxidation of hot coke oven gas using detailed chemistry and a one-dimensional flow model

Appari, S and Tanaka, R and Kudo, S and Hayashi, J -I and Janardhanan, V M and Watanabe, H and Norinaga, K (2015) Predicting the temperature and reactant concentration profiles of reacting flow in the partial oxidation of hot coke oven gas using detailed chemistry and a one-dimensional flow model. Chemical Engineering Journal, 266. pp. 82-90. ISSN 1385-8947

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Abstract

A numerical approach is presented for predicting the species concentrations and temperature profiles of chemically reacting flow in the non-catalytic partial oxidation of hot coke oven gas (HCOG) in a pilot-scale reformer installed on an operating coke oven. A detailed chemical kinetic model consisting of 2216 reactions with 257 species ranging in size from the hydrogen radical to coronene was used to predict the chemistries of HCOG reforming and was coupled with a plug model and one-dimensional (1D) flow with axial diffusion model. The HCOG was a multi-component gas mixture derived from coal dry distillation, and was approximated with more than 40 compounds: H2, CO, CO2, CH4, C2 hydrocarbons, H2O, aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzene and toluene, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons up to coronene. The measured gas temperature profiles were reproduced successfully by solving the energy balance equation accounting for the heat change induced by chemical reactions and heat losses to the surroundings. The approach was evaluated critically by comparing the computed results with experimental data for exit products such as H2, CO, CO2, and CH4, in addition to the total exit gas flow rate. The axial diffusion model slightly improves the predictions of H2, CO, and CO2, but significantly improves those of CH4 and total exit flow rate. The improvements in the model predictions were due primarily to the improved temperature predictions by accounting for axial diffusion in the flow model.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Janardhanan, V Mhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-3458-4169
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Reforming; Partial oxidation; Coke oven gas; Synthesis gas; Detailed chemistry
Subjects: Chemical Engineering > Biochemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2015 08:51
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2017 10:47
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/1320
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2014.12.041
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1385-8947/
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