Deactivation and regeneration of Ni catalyst during steam reforming of model biogas: An experimental investigation

Appari, S and Janardhanan, V M and Bauri, R and Jayanti, S (2014) Deactivation and regeneration of Ni catalyst during steam reforming of model biogas: An experimental investigation. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 39 (1). pp. 297-304. ISSN 0360-3199

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Abstract

his paper presents detailed study of biogas reforming. Model biogas with different levels of H2S is subjected to reforming reaction over supported Ni catalyst in a fixed bed reactor at 700 °C and 800 °C. In order to understand the poisoning effects of H2S the reactions have been initially carried out without H2S in the feed stream. Three different H2S concentrations (20, 50 and 100 ppm) have been considered in the study. The H2O to CH4 ratio is maintained in such as way that CO2 also participates in the reforming reaction. After performing the poisoning studies, regeneration of the catalyst has been studied using three different techniques i) removal of H2S from the feed stream ii) temperature enhancement and iii) steam treatment. Poisoning at low temperature is not recoverable just by removal of H 2S from the feed stream. However, poisoning at high temperature is easily reversed just by removal of H2S from the feed stream. Unlike some previous reports by Li et al. (2010) and Rostrup-nielsen (1971) [1,2], catalyst regeneration is achieved in shorter time frames for all the regeneration techniques attempted

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biogas; Catalyst poisoning; Deactivation; Kinetics; Regeneration; Steam reforming
Subjects: ?? sub5.8 ??
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 01 Jan 2015 08:58
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2015 06:50
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/1292
Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.10.056
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0360-3199/
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