Kinetics of hydrodeoxygenation of stearic acid using supported nickel catalysts: Effects of supports

Kumar, P and Yenumala, S R and Maity, S K and Shee, D (2014) Kinetics of hydrodeoxygenation of stearic acid using supported nickel catalysts: Effects of supports. Applied Catalysis A: General, 471. pp. 28-38. ISSN 0926-860X

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The hydrodeoxygenation of fatty acids derived from vegetable and microalgal oils is a novel process for production of liquid hydrocarbon fuels well-suited with existing internal combustion engines. The hydrodeoxygenation of stearic acid was investigated in a high pressure batch reactor using n-dodecane as solvent over nickel metal catalysts supported on SiO2, γ-Al2O3, and HZSM-5 in the temperature range of 533-563 K. Several supported nickel oxide catalysts with nickel loading up to 25 wt.% were prepared by incipient wetness impregnation method and reduced using hydrogen. The catalysts were then characterized by BET, TPR, H2 pulse chemisorption, TPD, XRD, and ICP-AES. Characterization studies revealed that only dispersed nickel oxide was present up to 15 wt.% nickel loading on γ-Al2O3. The acidity of the supports depends on nickel loading of oxidized catalysts and increases with increasing nickel loading up to 15 wt.%. n-Pentadecane, n-hexadecane, n-heptadecane, n-octadecane, and l-octadecanol were identified as products of hydrodeoxygenation of stearic acid with n-heptadecane being primary product. The catalytic activity and selectivity to products for hydrodeoxygenation of stearic acid depends strongly on acidity of the supports. The maximum selectivity to n-heptadecane was observed with nickel supported γ-Al2O3 catalyst. A suitable reaction mechanism of hydrodeoxygenation of stearic acid was delineated based on products distribution. The conversion of stearic acid was increased with increasing reaction time, nickel loading on γ-Al2O 3, temperature, and catalyst loading. Complete conversion of stearic acid was accomplished with more than 80% selectivity to n-heptadecane at reasonable reaction temperature of 563 K after 240 min of reaction using 15 wt.% Ni/γ-Al2O3 catalyst. An empirical kinetic model was also developed to correlate the experimental data.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Green diesel; Hydrodeoxygenation; Modeling; Ni/γ-Al 2O3; Stearic acid
Subjects: Chemical Engineering > Biochemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 31 Dec 2014 10:01
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2014 10:01
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