Effects of buoyancy induced roof ventilation systems for smoke removal in tunnel fires

Harish, R and Venkatasubbaiah, K (2014) Effects of buoyancy induced roof ventilation systems for smoke removal in tunnel fires. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 42. pp. 195-205. ISSN 0886-7798

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The present article highlights the performance of natural roof ventilation systems and its effects on tunnel fire flow characteristics. Numerical analysis is performed using Large Eddy Simulations (LES) to predict fire growth rate and smoke movement in tunnel with single and multiple roof openings. The smoke venting performance of ceiling vents are investigated by varying the vent size and fire source locations. The critical parameters such as mass flow rate through ceiling openings, smoke traveling time and fire growth patterns are presented. The ceiling openings are effective in transferring hot gases and reduces the longitudinal smoke velocity. The heat source and ceiling vent locations significantly affects the vent performance and smoke behavior in tunnel. The present results are in good agreement with the experimental results available in literature

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IITH Creators:
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Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fire spread; Natural ventilation; Roof vents; Tunnel fire
Subjects: ?? sub4.9 ??
Divisions: Department of Physics
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2014 10:17
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2014 10:17
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/1199
Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tust.2014.03.007
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