Graphene based E. coli sensor on flexible acetate sheet

Basu, P K and Indukuri, D and Keshavan, S and Navratna, V and Vanjari, S R K and Raghavan, S and Bhat, N (2014) Graphene based E. coli sensor on flexible acetate sheet. Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical, 190. pp. 342-347. ISSN 0925-4005

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Abstract

A low cost, reagent free, Escherichia coli sensor is demonstrated with graphene, on transparent flexible acetate substrate. Graphene is grown on 100 μm thick Cu foil, using CVD process and subsequently transferred on to a flexible acetate substrate. Gold electrodes are deposited on graphene to form a two terminal, interdigitated capacitor structure. Impedance spectroscopy (10 Hz to 100 kHz) is performed to characterize the change in impedance, as a function of E. coli concentration on graphene surface. The residual methyl groups on graphene, resulting from the transfer process, act as binding sites for E. coli. It has been observed that the resistance of graphene decreases with increasing E. coli concentration. This is due to the increased hole doping induced by negatively charged E. coli. A sensitivity of 60% is achieved for an E. coli concentration of 4.5 × 107 cfu/ml. An equivalent RC model is proposed to explain the sensing mechanism

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Vanjari, S R KUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: E. coli sensor; Flexible substrate; Graphene; Methyl group; RC model
Subjects: Physics > Electricity and electronics
Divisions: Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2014 10:27
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2016 07:40
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/1139
Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2013.08.080
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0925-4005/
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